When you venture into the backcountry, even for a day hike, you should be prepared for the unexpected, including an unplanned night in the woods. Here are some of the essentials you should have in your pack.
 
Ten Essential Systems
  1. Navigation (map and compass)
  2. Sun protection (sunglasses and sunscreen)
  3. Insulation (extra clothing)
  4. Illumination (headlamp/flashlight)
  5. First-aid supplies
  6. Fire (waterproof matches/lighter/candle)
  7. Repair kit and tools (knife, cordage, duct tape, etc.)
  8. Nutrition (extra food)
  9. Hydration (extra water)
  10. Emergency shelter (tent/emergency blanket)
The original Ten Essentials list was assembled in the 1930s by The Mountaineers, a Seattle-based organization for climbers and outdoor adventurers. The list was updated in 2003.

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